Since the dawn of Jedi history, seven fighting disciplines have arisen, known as the Seven Forms. The Forms represent differing
styles and philosophies of combat. Each Form has its respective merits, and as seen in Attack of the Clones, all of them are
still in use.
Millennia before the Clone Wars, advanced technology replaced metal swords with energy-beam lightsabers. In this transition
the first Form was born. Jedi Masters created Form I from ancient sword-fighting traditions, since the principles of blade
combat remained much the same. The basics of attack, parry, body target zones, and the practice drills called velocities are
Young Jedi still begin their training by learning Form I.
The ultimate refinement of lightsaber-to-lightsaber combat became Form II, advancing the precision of blade manipulation
to its finest possible degree and producing the greatest dueling masters the galaxy has ever seen.
Today Form II is an archaism studied by almost no one in the Jedi Order, because it is not relevant to current tactical
situations, in which Jedi enemies rarely fight with lightsabers. Even with the resurgence of the Sith, confrontation of an
enemy with a lightsaber is an exceedingly rare prospect for a Jedi, so they continue to focus on more practical Forms. Sith
expecting to battle lightsaber-wielding Jedi, however, find Form II a powerful technique.
Form II is the chosen discipline of the machiavellian Separatist Count Dooku, who wields it to devastating effect. His
utterly precise moves overwhelm Jedi who are not accustomed to the special requirements of lightsaber dueling. With Form II,
Dooku holds his own even against Master Yoda.
Acknowledged practitioners: Count Dooku, Exar Kun
The third great lightsaber discipline was first developed in response to the advancement of blaster technology in the
galaxy. As these weapons spread widely into the hands of evil-doers, Jedi had to develop unique means of defending themselves.
Form III thus arose from "laserblast" deflection training. Over the centuries it has transcended this origin to
become a highly refined expression of non-aggressive Jedi philosophy. Form III maximizes defensive protection in a style characterized
by tight, efficient movements that expose minimal target area compared to the relatively open style of some of the other Forms.
Obi-Wan Kenobi takes up a dedication to Form III after the death of Qui-Gon Jinn (who favored Form IV), since it was apparent
to Kenobi that Jinn's defense was insufficient against the Sith techniques of Darth Maul. True Form III masters are considered
invincible. Even in his elder years, Kenobi remains a formidable Form III practitioner.
Even the extraordinarily deadly Jango Fett is unable to penetrate Obi-Wan Kenobi's superb lightsaber defenses.
Acknowledged practitioners: Obi-Wan Kenobi
Form IV is the most acrobatic Form, heavily emphasizing Jedi abilities to run, jump, and spin in phenomenal ways by using
the Force. Masters of Form IV incorporate all of the ways in which the Force helps them go beyond what is physically possible.
Their lightsaber combat is astonishing to watch, filled with elaborate moves in the center of which a Jedi may be all but
a blur. Yoda, with his deep emphasis on the Force in all things, is a Form IV master. Form IV was also the chosen discipline
of Qui-Gon Jinn and the early choice of his apprentice Obi-Wan Kenobi.
Ordinarily Yoda walks with a slight limp, his ancient body wracked with arthritis and the normal infirmities of old age.
In combat however, the diminutive Jedi Master presents extraordinary strength and reflexes - entirely the result of focusing
the Force through his physical body and not just his spirit as is his usual emphasis.
Acknowledged practitioners: Yoda, Qui-Gon Jinn
During an era when Jedi were called upon to more actively maintain the peace in the galaxy, Form V arose alongside Form
IV to address a need for greater power among the Jedi. Jedi Masters who felt that Form III could be too passive developed
Form V. A Form III master might be undefeatable, but neither could he necessarily overcome his enemy. Form V focuses on strength
and lightsaber attack moves. This Form exploits the ability of the lightsaber to block a blaster bolt and turns this defensive
move into an offensive attack by deflecting the bolt deliberately towards an opponent. A dedication to the power and strength
necessary to defeat an enemy characterizes the philosophy of Form V, which some Jedi describe by the maxim "peace through
superior firepower." To some Jedi Knights, Form V represents a worthy discipline prepared for any threat; to others Form
V seems to foster an inappropriate focus on dominating others.
As the Clone War begins, Anakin Skywalker dedicates himself to Form V in his increasingly blind quest for strength. As
Darth Vader he will still be using Form V when he confronts Obi-Wan Kenobi and later Luke Skywalker.
Acknowledged practitioners: Anakin Skywalker, Luke Skywalker
In the time of Palpatine's Chancellorship, Form VI is the current standard in Jedi lightsaber training. This Form balances
the emphases of other Forms with overall moderation, in keeping with the Jedi quest to achieve true harmony and justice without
resorting to the rule of power. It is considered the "diplomat's Form" because it is less intensive in its demands
than the other disciplines, allowing Jedi to spend more time developing their skills in perception, political strategy, and
negotiation. In practice, Form VI is a combination of Forms I, III, IV, and V. Young Jedi spend their first few years studying
Form I and then a year or two with each additional Form before completing their training. By comparison, a Form VI master
will spend at least ten years studying only that Form after completing the basic Form I training. Form VI well suits the modern
Jedi's role in the galaxy, in which a Knight overly trained in martial combat might be at a loss to resolve a complex political
conflict between star systems. However, full masters of other Forms sometimes consider Form VI to be insufficiently demanding.
In an increasingly dangerous galaxy, the "diplomat's Form" might not be enough against serious combat dangers.
All the Form VI Jedi Knights who fight on Geonosis die in the arena battle.
Acknowledged practitioners: numerous Jedi, including those lost on Geonosis
Only high-level masters of multiple Forms can achieve and control the ultimate descipline known as Form VII. This is the
most difficult and demanding of all Forms, but it can eventually lead to fantastic power and skill. Form VII employs bold,
direct movements, more open and kinetic than Form V but not so elaborate in appearance as Form IV. In addition to very advanced
Force-assisted jumps and movements, Form VII tactics overwhelm opponents with seemingly unconnected staccato sequences, making
the Form highly unpredictable in battle. This trait makes for a much more difficult execution than the graceful, linked move
sequences of Form IV. Form VII requires the intensity of Form V, but much greater energy since that focus is wielded more
broadly. Form VII draws upon a deeper well of emotion than even Form V, yet masters it more fully. The outward bearing of
a Form VII practitioner is one of calm, but the inner pressure verges on explosion. Form VII is still under development since
so few can achieve the necessary mastery to advance the art.
Form VII master Mace Windu fights alongside Form III practitioner Obi-Wan Kenobi in the Battle of Geonosis. This spiritually
dangerous regimen cuts perilously close to the Sith intensity of focus on physical combat ability. Mace Windu is one of the
only current practitioners of Form VII.
Author Dr. David West Reynolds and fencer Jack "Stelen" Bobo derived the "in universe" principles
of lightsaber combat based on the action that appears in all five Star Wars films to date. An importance notice to the reader:
these Jedi histories are not stunt choreographies nor intructions from Episodes I and II Stunt Coordinator Nick Gillard, who
developed the exciting sequences we see on screen. Do not attempt fencing without proper safety precautions and training.
The Jedi Beastmaster uses the Force for knowledge and nurturing, seeking the most natural solutions to every problem.
Jedi Beastmasters see their role as protectors and activists, using their position and skills to help those in need as well
as those in the way of the “civilized” galaxy. Most Jedi Beastmasters follow the Light Side, but some
become Darksiders and use the Force for evil or selfish intent. Those imbued with the light side refrain from using the Force
for every task, preferring to find other solutions and save the Force for when it is needed. Those who succumb to the Dark
Side use every advantage, wielding the Force against challenges and twisting the natural world to suit their whims.
The Jedi Consular uses the Force for knowledge and negotiation, seeking the most peaceful solutions to every problem.
As Force Users trained in the Jedi tradition, characters of this class concentrate more on diplomacy, scholarly pursuits,
and the spiritual side of the Force than on more physical activities. Mentors and teachers hope to instruct others and pass
on what they have learned. Negotiators and mediators are skilled at bargaining and striking compromises. Consulars train themselves
to be versatile, able to handle many situations without reaching for a weapon. Jedi Consulars see their role as mediators
and councilors, using their position and skills to help those in need. Most Jedi Consulars follow the Light Side, but some
become Darksiders and use the Force for evil or selfish intent.
Jedi Guardians concentrate more on battle prowess, defense, lightsaber training, and physical activities. If Jedi Consulars
are the ambassadors of the Jedi Order, Jedi Guardians are the defenders, protecting the Republic from all dangers. Few are
strong enough in the Force and have the devotion to walk the Jedi’s path, but those few are awarded with a powerful
ally. All Jedi Guardians journey into the galaxy at large to further their own knowledge and to help those in need. They take
their undertaking seriously, considering even mundane missions to be personal tests. Most Jedi Guardians follow the Light
Side, but some become Darksiders and use the Force for evil or selfish intent.
The Jedi Healer uses the Force to preserve life wherever possible and to seek knowledge. Jedi Healers concentrate more
on medical arts and the spiritual side of the Force than on more physical activities. Doctors and teachers hope to instruct
others and pass on what they have learned. Always vigilant in both study and service, Jedi Healers train themselves to be
versatile, and study the anatomies of many of the galaxy’s races to be able to handle any injuries or illnesses
their skills are needed for. While they are capable of combat, they avoid causing harm whenever they can. Even taking up humbler
and less destructive weapons than lightsabers (albeit imbued with the Force) in order to cause less harm. Jedi Healers see
their role as medics and surgeons, using their position and skills to help those in need. Most Jedi Healers follow the Light
Side, but some become Darksiders and use the Force for evil or selfish intent.
The Jedi Mystic uses the Force to seek knowledge and enlightenment. As Force Users trained in the Jedi tradition, Jedi
Mystics concentrate more on exploration, scholarly pursuits, and the spiritual side of the Force than on more physical activities.
Mentors and teachers hope to instruct others and pass on what they have learned. Recruiters and observers are skilled at seeking
new students and gathering information. Mystics train themselves to be versatile, able to handle many situations without reaching
for a weapon. Where Jedi Guardians are the defenders of the Republic, the Jedi Mystics are the lorekeepers. They walk in a
larger world than those who neither feel nor heed the Force. Jedi Mystics are often seen as scouts and sages, using their
knowledge and skills to help those in need. Most Jedi Mystics follow the Light Side, but some become Darksiders and use the
Force for evil or selfish intent.
Jedi Shadows combine physical and espionage training with mastery of the Force, and concentrate almost exclusively on
information gathering, defense, lightsaber combat, unarmed combat training, and physical activities. If Jedi Guardians are
the defenders of the Republic, Jedi Shadows are the secret police, protecting the Republic and the Jedi Order from themselves.
Their work makes them somewhat suspicious of others, since they have discovered the Dark Side in places no one would ever
have dreamed, even in the midst of the Jedi Knights. The road of the Shadow is never easy, as they commit themselves to walk
within arm’s reach of those who practice the Dark Side of the Force. Some Jedi Shadows eschew the use of all weapons,
in favor of hand to hand combat as a means of controlling the deadly power at their fingertips more securely, and to avoid
revealing themselves as Jedi to their enemies. Jedi Shadows are the watchdogs and executioners, ever alert for enemies and
All Jedi Shadows journey into the galaxy at large to devote most of their time to gathering evidence on the activities
of those who ascribe themselves to the Dark Side of the Force, most notably the Sith. Often these Jedi must steal into the
heart of enemy territory under the cover of darkness or disguise. Their undertaking is the most deadly earnest one. For them
there are no mundane missions. Jedi Shadows walk beyond the razor edge between dark and light to face evil where it is strongest.
The few surviving Jedi Shadows follow the Light Side, but many who entered the shadow of darkness become Darksiders and use
the Force for evil or selfish intent.
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